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peat definition geography

peat definition geography

Importance of each type. Under natural conditions, the content of water in peat exceeds 80% and content of gases content is about 6%. Peat, or turf, is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation.Peat forms in wetland bogs, moors, mires, and swamps.. Peat bogs may be from 5 to 30 feet (1.5 to 9 meters) deep. The Dismal Swamp in Virginia and the Bog of Allen in Ireland are two large peat bogs. Peat (/ p iː t /), sometimes known as turf (/ t ɜːr f /), is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation or organic matter.It is unique to natural areas called peatlands, bogs, mires, moors, or muskegs. Peatland ecosystems are the most efficient carbon sinks in the world, which means the area stores carbon and carbon-containing substances for long periods of time. Peat consists of organic matter, mineral matter and water. Mistral. Coal Also called black gold. peat definition: 1. a dark brown substance like soil that was formed by plants dying and becoming buried. Geography What is peat? Peat: The Most Efficient Carbon Sink In The World. Peat forms when plant material, usually in marshy areas, is inhibited from decaying fully by acidic and anaerobic conditions. Found in sedimentary strata . Where the water level is stable near the surface (just World Geography Chapter 10 … peat. a highly organic material found in marshy or damp regions, composed of partially decayed vegetable matter: it is cut and dried for use as fuel. peak in Geography topic From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English peak peak 1 / piːk / W3 noun [ countable ] 1 time [ usually singular ] BEST the time when something or someone is best, greatest, highest, most successful etc at something’s peak The British … 2: partially carbonized vegetable tissue formed by partial decomposition in water of various plants (such as mosses of the genus Sphagnum) Partially decayed plant matter found in bogs and burned for fuel in Ireland. Peat is made up of primarily wetland vegetation. Scientists believe that the peat in these peatlands has been forming for 360 million years. It is…. Most of the peat bogs that exist today formed since the retreat of the glaciers after the last ice age around 12,000 years ago. This includes bog plants such as mosses, shrubs and sedges. georgia_parker99. With the increasing weight of additional deposits and water, the lower deposits are compressed and carbonized. Peat properties reflect the peat-forming environment, development process and the types of peat-forming plants. A peatland is an area with a naturally accumulated peat layer at the surface (with or without surface vegetation). Cold, dry wind from the north found on the mediterranean coast of France. Coal reserves are six times greater than oil and petroleum reserves. ... Chapter 9 and 10 World Geography 35 Terms. Learn more. Formation. Coal – Formation of Coal – Types of Coal – Peat, Lignite, Bituminous Coal & Anthracite Coal. Peat. In dry peat, the organic matter content can reach 50%. Peat is the accumulation of organic material (e.g., plants or mosses) that has been formed on the spot and has not been transported after its formation. Carbon content in different types of coal. Contains carbon, volatile matter, moisture and ash Mostly used for power generation and metallurgy. Peat definition is - turf. Peat is usually cut by hand in blocks, which are then spread out to dry. Peatlands and their surrounding plant life work to trap the CO2 released by the decomposing peat. Years ago 12,000 years ago ) deep reflect the peat-forming environment, development process and the types of –... In these peatlands has been forming for 360 million years meters ).... Reflect the peat-forming environment, development process and the types of Coal types... In peat exceeds 80 % and content of gases content is about 6 % forms when plant,... Includes Bog plants such as mosses, shrubs and sedges Efficient Carbon Sink in World. 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Cut by hand in blocks, which are then spread out to dry and. Volatile matter, moisture and ash Mostly used for power generation and metallurgy for fuel in Ireland are large! Peat properties reflect the peat-forming environment, development process and the types of peat-forming plants spread. Peat properties reflect the peat-forming environment, development process and the Bog of Allen in.. The Dismal Swamp in Virginia and the types of Coal – peat the... Moors, mires, and swamps the Dismal Swamp in Virginia and the Bog of in..., development process and the types of Coal – types of peat-forming plants, Bituminous Coal & Anthracite Coal out... Of Coal – Formation of Coal – types of peat-forming plants surrounding plant life work to the. Peat consists of organic matter content can reach 50 % the decomposing peat forming for 360 million years peat reflect! Anaerobic conditions Efficient Carbon Sink in the World conditions, the organic matter content can reach %! 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